Waste paper and cardboard
Paper is made from cellulose fibres found in wood whose production entails the consumption of large amounts of natural raw materials, water and energy.
Paper and cardboard make up the largest percentage of waste generated in households, schools and offices, and it mainly consists of office paper, newspapers, magazines, books, packaging products and cardboard boxes. Paper is a valuable raw material that can be recycled four to six times, thus saving water, energy and preventing de-forestation.
Metal is produced from natural raw materials – ores, which make up a significant part of the natural wealth and resources whose reserves are being depleted by unreasonable exploitation. Metallic waste holds a great potential for reuse. We can find it in metal packaging, household appliances, video and audio technology, batteries, cables, etc. Separate collection of metal waste preserves natural resources, reduces the consumption of electricity, chemicals and water in production processes, reduces waste generation, and contributes to the preservation of the environment.
Large amounts of energy and natural raw materials – quartz sand, limestone and soda, are used for the production of glass packaging. Waste glass can be completely recycled countless times and is therefore one of the priority materials for separate collection. Recycling of 1 tonne of glass packaging waste saves 700 kg of quartz sand, 200 kg of limestone and up to 180 kg of soda in raw materials, and yields energy savings of up to 30 m³ of natural gas, or 950 kWh of electricity.
Plastic is a material obtained from petroleum, natural gas and coal. Nowadays, plastic is used in almost all industries, especially as a raw material for the production of packaging and other products that we use every day. It takes between 100 and 1,000 years for plastic products to decompose, so by recycling plastics, we help preserve the environment, but also protect the natural resources of oil and natural gas.
Textile is a material made of fibres of plant or animal origin (cotton, wool), or of artificial origin, obtained by chemical-technological processes, most often from wood pulp or petrochemical products derived from oil or natural gas. Textile makes up 2-4% of total waste. By separate collection and recycling, we contribute to the protection of the environment and the preservation of valuable natural resources. Used textile materials have great potential for reuse, as well as recycling. They can be used for the production of cloths for various purposes, for sound and thermal insulation in construction, interior linings in the automotive industry, fillings for mattresses in the furniture industry, etc.
To be disposed of in the textile bins.
Large (bulky) waste
Large (bulky) municipal waste is an object or substance that must be collected separately due to its volume and/or mass. Bulky household waste consists of furniture, floor linings, bathroom furnishings, kitchen furnishings, garden furniture, and other bulky waste such as blinds, windows, radiators, etc. A large portion of bulky waste consists of valuable raw materials which, if separated, represent a valuable raw material for recovery.
Batteries and car batteries
Old and used-up batteries (accumulators) should not be mixed and disposed of together with household (municipal) waste as they contain dangerous heavy metals such as mercury, lead and cadmium, which can pollute the environment and harm human health. Since most waste batteries (accumulators) are classified as hazardous waste, they require a special method of disposal. The main benefit of recycling batteries is the reduction of primary consumption of materials and energy, as well as reduced emissions of mercury, lead and cadmium into nature.
Electrical and electronic equipment
Electrical and electronic waste contains many harmful substances for human health and the environment. It is, therefore, not allowed to dispose of it together with other household waste, and it is necessary to separate it. It also contains valuable components such as recyclable metals and plastics. Electrical and electronic equipment includes large and small household appliances, information technology (IT) and telecommunications equipment, lighting equipment, electrical and electronic tools, toys, entertainment and recreation equipment, sports equipment, etc.
Difficult household waste
Difficult waste is hazardous waste generated in the household. Although the portion of difficult waste generated in the household is small, it must be collected separately as it contains hazardous substances that can endanger human and animal health, and, as such, poses a danger to the environment. Problematic household waste consists of acids, alkalis, solvents, pesticides, fluorescent lamps, oils, fats, hazardous substances packaging, pressurized packaging, medications, batteries, paints, adhesives and varnishes, cleaning products, etc.
All difficult household waste is to be disposed of in the recycling yard.
Medications, pressurized metallic packaging, and hazardous substances packaging are to be disposed of in the self-service mobile recycling yard.
Medications, paints, inks, adhesives, resins, oils, pressurized metal packaging, hazardous substances packaging, fluorescent and energy-saving light bulbs are to be disposed of in the mobile recycling yard with an operator.
Used toner cartridges
Toner cartridges for printers, fax machines, multifunctional and similar devices contain many hazardous components and are, therefore, not allowed to be disposed of with other household waste. They must be separated and disposed of properly. By properly disposing of and recycling toner cartridges, we take care of the environment and valuable natural resources.
End-of-life vehicle tires are a major waste management problem due to their size, long decomposition time and the problematic components they contain, so they must be collected separately. When collected separately, rubber waste becomes a valuable raw material for the production of new products such as protective floor coverings, road markings, sports hall mats, car or shoe parts. Also, in addition to being used as raw materials, tires can also be used in energy production.
To be disposed of in the recycling yard.
Household construction waste
Construction waste is generated during the construction, demolition and reconstruction of buildings. Construction waste is mostly inert waste (rubble, ceramics, mortar, plaster, broken concrete, iron, steel, metal, wood, plastic, paper, etc.), but it can also contain hazardous components. In addition to avoiding disposal, construction waste recycling also ensures a reduction in the use of natural excavation as the recycled construction material can be reused in construction.